Sir Arthur Conan Doyle is the creator Sherlock
Holmes, the best-known detective in literature and the embodiment
of scientific thinking. Doyle himself was not a good example of rational
personality: he believed in fairies and was interested in occultism. Sherlock
Holmes stories have been translated into more than fifty languages, and
made into plays, films, radio and television series, a musical comedy,
a ballet, cartoons, comic books, and advertisement. By 1920 Doyle was one
of the most highly paid writers in the world.